1. PROTECT FROM THE SUN
The most important treatment for dark spots is simple: sunscreen. Hyperpigmentation is caused by the over (or under) production of melanin in the skin, a process that is sped up as a result of sun exposure. Melanin is produced to protect from the sun’s UVB radiation. Think of it as your skin putting on a pair of sunglasses: a dark layer of protection. Wearing a high SPF seven days a week, come rain or come shine, will prevent the formation of dark spots.
2. AVOID PICKING
In addition to genetics, hormonal imbalances and sun exposure, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by breakouts can leave skin discoloured. Picking at blemishes interrupts your skin’s healing process so – even though it’s tempting – don’t touch that spot! Treat post-breakout skin with well-formulated skin care products, including a BHA exfoliant and sunscreen.
Many products pair brightening ingredients with chemical exfoliants like BHA or AHA acids. Exfoliating effectively targets hyperpigmentation by removing dead skin cells and accelerating cell turnover. You can also exfoliate manually using scrubs or a cleansing device.
4. MULTI-BRIGHT TECHNOLOGY
Multi-Bright Technology is a combination of two plant-based ingredients dioric acid (an oleic acid found in olive oil) and Rumex Occidentalis (a Native American plant). It’s an Oriflame patented, naturally derived technology that targets all stages of melanin production to correct and prevent skin discolouration. It acts on three levels: it inhibits melanin production, treats existing discolouration and prevents the future formation of brown spots. It has been clinically proven to reduce dark spots by 50%, out-performing other brightening treatments. Shop Multi Bright Technology in Oriflame Bright Sublime skin care set.
5. VITAMIN C
Vitamin C is a popular skin-brightening ingredient as it both lightens and prevents dark spots by inhibiting tyrosinase. Vitamin C is a tricky – albeit effective – ingredient to handle, as it’s extremely fragile. Also referred to as ascorbic acid, it’s at its most potent when stored in opaque packaging and sterile.
Arbutin is a natural skin care ingredient that is extracted from the bearberry plant. It inhibits the production of tyrosinase, slowing melanin production; it’s a naturally occurring derivative of hydroquinone, which is an ingredient that is banned in Europe and Japan today.
Hydroquinone is a well-known treatment for hyperpigmentation, but it’s also a highly controversial one. In many countries it has been banned due to it’s harsh side effects.